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CBD Explained

If you are new to CBD, here's some information to get you started:

Cannabis Sativa

Cannabis is one of the oldest domesticated plants. Throughout history, many civilizations grew different varieties of cannabis for both medicinal and industrial purposes.

The Cannabis plant contains over 60 naturally occurring chemical substances known as cannabinoids. The two most abundant are:

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) - The most abundant and the most well-known compound of the cannabis plant is THC. THC is the psychoactive and intoxicating element which causes you to get high.

THC is considered a controlled substance, and for this reason, is illegal.

Cannabidiol (CBD) - Cannabidiol is the second most prevalent component of the cannabis plant, commonly known as CBD. CBD is one of the most critical cannabinoids contained in the cannabis plant. It exists both in agricultural hemp, as well as medical cannabis. While cannabinoids are present within several plants in nature, cannabis is the only plant known to contain CBD.

CBD is non-psychoactive and is not considered a controlled substance, making it 100% legal.

Hemp Oil vs Hemp Seed Oil

People often confuse Hemp Oil with Hemp Seed Oil. Even though the names are very similar, there is a big difference between the two.

Hemp Oil - This is an oil that has been extracted from the leaves, the flowers or the fibres of the cannabis plant. Depending on the plant material you start with, you’ll end up with different concentration of CBD.  Some will be high in CBD but low in THC, while others will be high in THC and low in CBD. Although, irrespectively of the concentration and the proportions, it is still Hemp Oil. Even though Hemp Oil is the correct term, our opinion is that the term CBD Hemp Oil or even CBD Rich Hemp Oil is a more accurate description.

Hemp Seed Oil - On the other hand Hemp seed oil is derived from hemp seeds and it´s regarded as one of the most healthy and versatile product known to man. It is referred to often as a ‘superfood’ due to its high essential fatty acid content. Even though a great product on its own, it contains no CBD.
Some people will have you believe they are the same thing but don't be fooled!

Extraction Methods

For extracting Cannabidiol (CBD), it´s necessary to start with CBD-rich hemp plant material. There are plenty of ways to extract oil from the cannabis plant, each of them has its pros and cons.

The following methods are the main ones for extracting CBD oil:

Co2 Extraction (The Mindful Matter Way) - The most scientific method is considered the supercritical CO² extraction method and is also among the cleanest techniques of extraction. It uses extremely low temperatures and carbon dioxide under high pressure to extract the CBD in its purest form. CBD oil that is extracted this way has a cleaner taste, although it is also the most expensive method. The advantage of this CO2 Extraction technique is that the end product is the purest form of CBD oil that is highly potent and free of chlorophyll.
Olive Oil - This method of creating CBD oil is growing in popularity. It involves extraction using a carrier oil and olive oil is most commonly used in this process. The rise in popularity of this method is due to the many added benefits of the nutrients in the oil used and the fact that it is also safe and free of unwanted residues.
Ethanol - High-grade grain alcohol is used to create high-quality hemp oil that is appropriate for vape pen cartridges and other CBD products. But the disadvantage of this extraction method is that it destroys the plant waxes, which may have health benefits that can be favoured by some product-makers.

The extraction method used for extracting CBD is one of the most important factors to consider when choosing and buying your CBD Oil.  

The Endocannabinoid System (ECS)

Our guide to CBD would not be complete without mentioning the Endocannabinoid system which is known as the body’s own endogenous (internal) Cannabinoid system. If you study it, one thing will become apparent, that CBD has a profound influence on the human body.

There are two main receptor types involved in the Endocannabinoid system and they are:

Cannabinoid 1 (CB1) - The receptors that are primarily found in the brain and the reproductive organs.
Cannabinoid 2 (CB2) - The receptors that are primarily found in the immune system.

Restoring Balance

The Endocannabinoid System is perhaps the most important physiologic system that is involved in maintaining and restoring good health. Although all of the individual receptors have their different purposes, the one main purpose is always Homeostasis or the maintenance of a stable internal environment despite fluctuations in the external environment.

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